ELD Mandate: the basics
With the long-awaited implementation of the FMCSAÕs ELD (Electronic Logging Device) Mandate, gone are the days of drivers logging their records with pencil and paper.
The FMCSA has travelled a long road to pass this rule that requires fleets to install ELDs to track their driversÕ Hours of Service Ð and all along the way itÕs been met with confusion and concern. Now that itÕs a reality, fleet managers and owners need to find the best way to adapt their businesses to comply with the ELD Mandate.
WeÕve rounded up some basic information to help you on your way to compliance.
Many fleets have been operating with Automatic On Board Recording Devices (AOBRDs) or Electronic Logging Devices for some time already. But if yours isnÕt an ELD that complies with the required technology and you want to avoid hefty fines, you have until December 2019 to install an ELD.
What are ELDs?
ELDs are tools that allow truck drivers and motor carriers to comply with Hours of Service regulations by electronically capturing Records of Duty Status.
What type of ELDs can be used?
ELDs need to meet certain specifications to comply with the mandate. Some of the most important requirements include:
- It must connect to the vehicleÕs engine to record if itÕs moving.
- Location information must be captured automatically.
- It must allow the driver to log in and select whether he/she is on-duty, off duty, or sleeper berth.
- It must have a mute button, so drivers arenÕt interrupted when off-duty or in the sleeper berth.
- It must provide data in a standardized format.
- This data must be transmitted to law enforcement through wireless web services, USB or Bluetooth 2.0.
What are the long-term benefits of ELDs?
Apart from the obvious cost and time savings your business and your drivers will make by cutting back on reams of paperwork, there are a number of others benefits to using Electronic Logging Devices. By being better informed on a driverÕs status, fleet managers are able to plan better. Communication between drivers and dispatchers is improved, and itÕs also been shown that drivers using ELDs report fewer accidents, which means overall road safety is boosted.
How much is it going to cost my company?
ItÕs true that ELDs used to be prohibitively expensive for many for hire and private motor carriers, especially smaller owner-operated businesses. But developments in modern technology mean prices have dropped considerably. These costs will also quickly be offset by the savings made in other areas like fuel efficiency improvements and better use of driver resources.
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